Read e-book online Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in PDF

By Douglas L. Cairns

ISBN-10: 0198146841

ISBN-13: 9780198146841

This can be the 1st learn in English to ascertain essentially the most the most important phrases in Greek moral and social discourse, aidos, inside a variety of Greek literature. more often than not rendered "shame," "modesty," or "respect," aidos is likely one of the so much elusive and tough Greek phrases to translate. Dr. Cairns discusses the character and alertness of aidos and different correct phrases in a few authors; with specific emphasis on their manifestations in epic, tragedy, and philosophy. He indicates that the essence of the idea that is to be present in its courting with Greek values of honor, within which context it could possibly realize and reply to the respect of either the self and others. It hence includes either self- and different- concerning habit, aggressive and cooperative values.

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238-71 in Feminist Theory and the Classics, eds. N. S. Rabinowitz and A. Richlin. New York: Routledge. В rum fiel, Ε. 1991 Weaving and Cooking: Women's Production in Aztec Mexico. Pp. 224-51 in Engendering Archaeology: Women and Prehistory, eds. J. M. Gero and M. W. Сопке у. Oxford: Black well. 1996 Figurines and the Aztec State: Testing the Effectiveness of Ideological Domination. Pp. 143-66 in Gender and Archaeology, ed. R. P. Wright. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. Butler, J. 1990 Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity.

Textual and literary evidence together link the origins of Aphrodite to "sister" deities such as Inanna, Ishtar, Astarte and Ashera, whose attributes were syncretized with local traditions to create the Cypriot goddess. Rather than being merely the product of western, Greek ideals, Serwint argues that Aphrodite can be shown to incorporate a complexity of attributes including sexuality, fertility and military prowess, that were introduced to Cyprus from the Near East well before her emergence in the pantheon of classical Greece.

The frequent depiction of the goddess with a beard, male genitalia, and weapons, textual references employing the male grammatical ending -as (Aphroclitos), and literary references to her bisexuality furnish compelling evidence for the goddess's dual nature and show that ambiguity and duality were central features of her cult. Michaelides, likewise, argues for androgyny as a strong element in the cult of Aphrodite/Venus as evidenced by a decorated mirror of the Roman period found in 1983 in Paphos that portrays Venus bearing arms and surrounded by Cupids.

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Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature by Douglas L. Cairns


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