By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Advanced Energetic Materials and Manufacturing Technologies
Complex vigorous fabrics - explosive fill and propellants - are a severe know-how for nationwide safeguard. whereas numerous new promising ideas and formulations have emerged in recent times, the dep. of protection is worried in regards to the nation's skill to keep up and enhance the data base during this quarter. to aid in addressing those issues, places of work inside of DOD requested the NRC to enquire and check the scope and well-being of the U.S. R&D efforts in lively fabrics. This file offers that evaluation. It offers a number of findings concerning the present R&D attempt and proposals aimed toward enhancing U.S. functions in constructing new vigorous fabrics know-how. This learn reviewed U.S. study and improvement in complex energetics being carried out by way of DoD, the DoE nationwide laboratories, industries, and academia, from an inventory supplied via the sponsors. It additionally: reviewed papers and know-how tests of non-U.S. paintings in complicated energetics, assessed very important parameters, equivalent to validity, viability, and the chance that every of those fabrics may be produced in volume; pointed out boundaries to scale-up and construction, and urged technical ways for addressing power difficulties; and, urged particular possibilities, concepts, and priorities for presidency sponsorship of applied sciences and production technique improvement.
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Additional resources for Advanced Energetic Materials
2001. Presentation to the committee. December 13. TLFeBOOK 26 ADVANCED ENERGETIC MATERIALS In most of the DOE and DoD laboratories mentioned above, the majority of work on nanoscale energetic materials is directed at nanoscale aluminum fuel. The expectation is that performance enhancements will be achieved by the increased rate and magnitude of the energy release step. A lesser amount of work has been conducted on other reactive metals, such as magnesium and aluminum/magnesium. An illustration of the type of work being conducted is a substantial program underway at Eglin Air Force Base to incorporate nanoscale Al into formulations.
TLFeBOOK 3 Thermobaric Explosives CURRENT FOCUS Of the topics assigned to the committee to review, only the area known as thermobarics has received national attention in the open media and throughout the DoD/DOE/Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) community. 1-6 While the focus of these groups varies significantly, each of the presentations began with reference to weapons of the former Soviet Union (FSU), fielded in the 1980s, that were deployed by the FSU in Chechnya and which reportedly exhibited highly unusual effects in confined environments.
For example, a layered gun propellant approach came out of Navy research in ETC propulsion design. C. Braithwaite. 2002. Update on Advanced Gun Propellant Efforts, presentation to the committee during its visit to ATK Thiokol Propulsion, Brigham City, Utah, May 22. TLFeBOOK ADVANCED GUN PROPELLANTS 33 looking at low-CO-content propellants with high-nitrogen compounds such as 1,5-diazido-3nitraza pentane (DANPE). The theoretical advantage of using materials such as DANPE is illustrated in Table 6-2.
Advanced Energetic Materials by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Advanced Energetic Materials and Manufacturing Technologies