New PDF release: Active Oxygen in Chemistry

By Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone Valentine (auth.), Christopher S. Foote, Joan Selverstone Valentine, Arthur Greenberg, Joel F. Liebman (eds.)

ISBN-10: 0751403717

ISBN-13: 9780751403718

ISBN-10: 9400708742

ISBN-13: 9789400708747

Taking an interdisciplinary process, this ebook and its counterpart, Active Oxygen in Biochemistry, discover the energetic study region of the chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen. Complementary yet self reliant, the 2 volumes combine topic components together with drugs, biology, chemistry, engineering, and environmental studies.

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A negative value of p indicates that the reaction is speeded by electron supplying-groups and slowed by electron-withdrawing groups. ,. 8 (Walling and McElhill, 1951). In purely aliphatic systems, 0 and N atoms greatly enhance attack on adjacent C-H bonds. The facile autoxidation of ethers is notorious because of the hazardous peroxides produced. Alcohols and amines are also relatively easily attacked, although, in the latter case, the products tend to be complex. To put matters in perspective, selectivities in autoxidation are quite similar to those observed in free-radical brominations.

Johnson, London. SAWYER, D. T. (1991) Oxygen Chemistry, Oxford University Press, New York. SAWYER, D. , ANGELIS, C. , NANNI, E. , and TsuSHIYA, T. (1982) Effects of Media and Electrode Materials on the Electrochemical Reduction of Dioxygen. Anal. , 54, 1720-1724. SAWYER, D. , and VALENTINE, J. S. (1981) How Super Is Superoxide? Acc. Chem. , 14, 393-400. SCHEELE, C. W. (1777) Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und Feuer. a. , and LIEBMAN, J. F. (1993) The Chernistry of Hydroxyl, Ether and Peroxide Groups, John WIley & Sons, New York.

For example, it reacts with alkyl halides, ultimately to give hydroperoxides, alcohols, aldehydes, and acids. The first step of the reaction is nucleophilic displacement of the halide anion which occurs with inversion of configuration [Eq. (1-11)]: 02" + RX-- ROO, + X-, 2ROO· - - ROOR + 0 21 (1-11) (1-12) (1-13) ROO- + RX-- ROOR + X-. (1-14) ROO, can then react with itself to give ROOR and O2 [Eq. (1-12)], or it can be reduced by O2 to give ROO- [Eq. (1-13)], which can react with another alkyl halide [Eq.

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Active Oxygen in Chemistry by Raymond Y. N. Ho, Joel F. Liebman, Joan Selverstone Valentine (auth.), Christopher S. Foote, Joan Selverstone Valentine, Arthur Greenberg, Joel F. Liebman (eds.)


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