M J Duff; James T Liu; Michigan Center for Theoretical's 2001, a spacetime odyssey : proceedings of the Inaugural PDF

By M J Duff; James T Liu; Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics. Inaugural Conference

ISBN-10: 9810248067

ISBN-13: 9789810248062

ISBN-10: 9812382313

ISBN-13: 9789812382313

ISBN-10: 9812778187

ISBN-13: 9789812778185

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Additional resources for 2001, a spacetime odyssey : proceedings of the Inaugural Conference of the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics : Michigan, USA, 21-25 May 2001

Example text

Therefore heavier elements like carbon or oxygen with 12 or 16 nucleons respectively could not build up. All these elements are produced in massive stars at a later stage in the cosmic evolution. The big-bang model predicts that the atoms of helium and hydrogen ought to be present with a ratio of their numbers of 1–13, and this agrees well with astronomical observations. Additional assumptions are not necessary to obtain this result. , the FL models. The World at Large: From the Big Bang to Black Holes 43 We may even venture to state that during its first few seconds the universe follows especially well the rules of an FL model.

The normal matter, the chemical elements known to us, the “baryonic” matter as the physicists say, accounts for only 5% of the critical density, as we shall see below. There must be dark matter which is of a kind yet unknown. What could this unknown dark matter be? 6 Nonbaryonic Dark Matter Astronomical measurements, and especially the analysis of the cosmic microwave background which will be discussed below, furnish many indications for the existence of dark matter which consists, apart from a small contribution of normal matter, largely of nonbaryonic matter.

14 Modern fast methods of measuring redshifts make it possible to undertake a cartography of the spatial distribution of the galaxies. To that end a galaxy catalog which lists positions on the sky of all the galaxies in a certain section of the sky and down to a limiting apparent brightness is used, and the redshifts of all the galaxies in it are measured. In this figure all the approximately 30,000 galaxies of the “Las Campanas Redshift Survey” are plotted in a wedge diagram of redshift against a sky coordinate.

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2001, a spacetime odyssey : proceedings of the Inaugural Conference of the Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics : Michigan, USA, 21-25 May 2001 by M J Duff; James T Liu; Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics. Inaugural Conference


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